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cost of study on optimal conditions of poly ferric chloride in china

  • Study on optimal conditions of poly ferric chloride

    2021-1-1 · The treatment efficiency of PAC in the reference studies will also be compared with PFC under optimal conditions. Finally, from the optimum usage amounts, a treatment cost for 1 m3 of wastewater will be calculated to compare the economic efficiency of using PAC and PFC. Content 1. Find the optimal conditions for PFC flocculation

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  • (PDF) Study on optimal conditions of poly ferric

    This study has focused on the physico-chemical parameter of tannery effluents as well as the treatment efficiency of alum, ferric chloride and lime, addressed as different treatments.

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  • Comparison of poly ferric chloride and poly titanium ...

    2021-1-28 · The current study investigated the efficiency of poly ferric chloride (PFC) and poly titanium tetrachloride (PTC) in coagulation-flocculation process for treatment of paper and cardboard wastewater. The effect of pH (5–11), coagulant concentrations (100–1000 mg/L), mixing rate (10–60 rpm), mixing time (5–25 min), and settling time (5–30 min) were examined.

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  • Efficiency Comparison of PolyDADMAC Coagulant

    2017-11-1 · The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare of PolyDADMAC with ferric chloride as a coagulant on the removal of turbidity, Coliform and Organic matter from Ahvaz drinking water. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out in a lab scale and using a …

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  • Fabrication and characterization of poly(ferric chloride ...

    Given that the prepared poly-ferric chloride coagulator by mole ratio of 0.5 (OH − /Fe 3+ ) have proved to be more effective in previous studies (Sun et al., 2016; Yang et al., 2014), this ratio ...

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  • (PDF) Optimal Condition of Coagulation Process Using

    PDF | On Jan 1, 2016, Mostafa Alizadeh and others published Optimal Condition of Coagulation Process Using Poly Aluminium Chloride in Dairy Wastewater Treatment | Find, read and cite all the ...

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  • (PDF) Coagulation treatment of wastewater in

    The study of simulated dyeing wastewater treatment by polymeric aluminum ferric chloride (PAFC) and disodium hydrogen phosphate (NaH2PO4·2H2O) showed that under the conditions of pH 7, dosing ...

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  • Evaluation of polyaluminum ferric chloride (PAFC) as a ...

    In this study, an inorganic composite coagulant, polyaluminum ferric chloride (PAFC), was prepared and used in surface water treatment, and the influence of Al/Fe molar ratio and basicity (B) on ...

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  • Mechanistic insights into the effect of poly ferric ...

    2021-2-1 · Poly ferric sulfate (PFS), the polymerized iron salts, can provide a variety of nucleic hydroxyl high-valence complex ions and hydrolyze to the highly cross-linked hydrophobic multinucleate and multichain-hydroxyl polymers after dissolving in aqueous phase, making it possess the high coagulation efficiency (Jiang et al., 1998; Zouboulis et al., 2008).

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  • Comprehensive Recovery of Valuable Metals From

    2021-6-7 · Increasing the concentration of chloride ions in the chlorine-leaching system is beneficial to the leaching of target metals. Ferric chloride was used as an auxiliary leaching agent in this study. Cl − can increase the concentration of chloride ion in the leaching system, but Fe 3+ can also act as an oxidant to promote the leaching of impurity metals. The leaching rate of Mg remains unchanged, and …

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  • Ferric Chloride Market | 2020-2027 | Industry Report ...

    The ferric chloride market is expected to register a CAGR of more than 5% during the forecast period. Ferric chloride solution appears as a light brown aqueous solution, that has a faint hydrochloric acid odor. Some of the prominent trends that the market is increasing is the rising stringent norms for the treatment of sewage water and ...

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  • Preparation of polymeric phosphate aluminum-ferric ...

    2021-3-19 · College of Civil Engineering, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Xiangtan, Hunan, China _____ ABSTRACT Polymeric phosphate aluminum-ferric chloride (PPAFC) in this study was prepared. In order to obtain the optimum conditions for preparation of PPAFC, resulting in a better turbidity removal efficiency, parameters such as the molar

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  • Appraisal and ranking of poly-aluminium chloride,

    2020-8-1 · The aims of this study were to (1) assess the effectiveness of three chemical coagulants – poly-aluminium chloride (PACl), ferric chloride (FeCl 3) and alum – in improving effluent quality, and (2) assess the properties of the sludge that is generated as by …

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  • Fabrication and characterization of poly(ferric chloride ...

    2014-4-2 · Derived mainly from processes including bleaching, rinsing, dyeing, printing and starching, the printing, and dyeing, wastewater was characterized by high chromaticity, large emission, complex composition, high levels of organic pollutants, and poor biodegradability [1–3].Due to the presence of toxic (hazardous) substances in dyeing wastewater and its severe contamination to the environment ...

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  • Preparation and coagulation performance of poly

    2011-3-1 · Poly-ferric-aluminum-silicate-sulfate (PFASS) with various (Al + Fe)/Si molar ratios was prepared from fly ash to evaluate their coagulation efficiencies in oily wastewater, and the structure and morphology of which were characterized by infrared spectra (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).Therefore, the results indicate that 16:1 (Al + Fe)/Si mole …

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  • Alum and Ferric Chloride: Pros, Cons, and Substitutes

    2017-10-18 · The price can fluctuate. The components used to make ferric chloride, whether the iron or the hydrochloric acid, go up and down quite a bit in price, which can greatly affect the price of ferric chloride itself. Currently, ferric chloride users are facing cost increases potentially as high as 40%.

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  • Mechanistic insights into the effect of poly ferric ...

    2021-2-1 · 1. Introduction. Poly ferric sulfate (PFS), the polymerized iron salts, can provide a variety of nucleic hydroxyl high-valence complex ions and hydrolyze to the highly cross-linked hydrophobic multinucleate and multichain-hydroxyl polymers after dissolving in aqueous phase, making it possess the high coagulation efficiency (Jiang et al., 1998; Zouboulis et al., 2008).

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  • Mechanistic insights into the roles of ferric chloride on ...

    2021-5-10 · 1. Introduction. As a byproduct of wastewater treatment, waste-activated sludge (WAS) has shown a tendency to rapidly increase. Up to 11.2 Mt/y of dried WAS has been generated in China, and the cost of WAS post-treatment accounting for almost 60% of the total operation cost in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), which poses a daunting challenge (Pang et al., 2021).

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  • Preparation and Characteristics of Polyaluminium

    Clay-brine process employing activated clay, NaCl, HCl, and HF as raw materials is the primarily advanced technology to synthesize cryolite in the present industrial grade. However, plenty of byproducts of fluorine-containing waste HCl at the concentration of about 10%~12% could not be utilized comprehensively and are even hazardous to the environment.

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  • Comparison of four flocculants for removing algae in ...

    2015-2-5 · In another study, 500 mg/L PSI, PAC, ferric chloride and alum removed 36, 31, 26 and 24 % of Synechococcus sp. (initial cell density: 1.0 × 10 6 cell/mL), respectively (Aktas et al. 2013). In the present study, the algae and turbidity removal rates for PFS …

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  • Ferric Chloride Market | 2020-2027 | Industry Report ...

    The ferric chloride market is expected to register a CAGR of more than 5% during the forecast period. Ferric chloride solution appears as a light brown aqueous solution, that has a faint hydrochloric acid odor. Some of the prominent trends that the market is increasing is the rising stringent norms for the treatment of sewage water and ...

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  • Roles of iron species and pH optimization on sewage

    The estimated cost of the composite conditioner, Fenton's reagent and lime, is USD 43.8/t DS, which is less than that of ferric chloride and lime (USD 54/t DS). Furthermore, pH of the final filtrate using this composite conditioner is about 6.6. Comparatively, that using ferric chloride and lime is as high as 12.4.

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  • Comparison and optimization of the performance of

    2019-11-14 · The cost (last column in Table 6) is calculated based on the optimal dosage of the coagulant and the cost per kilo of each of the chemicals, for 1 m 3 of treated water. Considering that the cost of PACl is lower than other coagulants, it can be said that under these conditions, the use of natural coagulants is not economically feasible.

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  • Some Studies on the Treatment of Industrial Waste

    2019-5-1 · In the year (2012), H.Farajnezhad et al studied coagulation treatment of wastewater in petroleum industry using poly aluminum chloride and ferric chloride. The outline for the study include removal of color, COD and TSS from petroleum wastewater. It was found that poly aluminum chloride gives better result as compare to ferric chloride.

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  • Optimization and economic evaluation of modified ...

    2018-10-17 · Chemicals. Poly-aluminum chloride (Al 2 (OH) n Cl 6−n.YH 2 O, Al 2 O 3 = 30%wt, basicity = 65% and pH = 3) was used as a coagulant and anionic (A 300), cationic (C 270) and nonionic polymers, as the coagulant aids were provided from AquaTech Company, Switzerland.. Preparation of solution. In order to prepare a 10 percent clear solution for coagulant, 10 g of PAC was dissolved to 100 mL of ...

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  • Study on the effect of chitosan conditioning on sludge ...

    2019-2-1 · For example, Zhu et al. (Zhu et al. 2007) studied the treatment of excess sludge with PAM (polyacrylamide) - PAFC (polymeric ferric chloride), and found that when the total dosage of flocculants was 190 mg/L, the moisture content in sludge decreased from 97% to 79%, and the sludge volume decreased by 86%.

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  • Facile, high efficiency immobilization of lipase enzyme

    A sample, cost- effective and high loading capacity method is still challenging. Results: A facile method of lipase immobilization was developed in this study, by the use of polydopamine coated magnetic nanoparticles (PD-MNPs). Under optimal conditions, 73.9% of the available lipase was immobilized on PD-MNPs, yielding a lipase loading capacity ...

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  • On the importance of pH value in coagulation |

    2019-4-5 · However, in this case, the optimal pH for a mixture of HS + COM (pH 5.0–6.2) related to optimal pH ranges for the coagulation of HS (5.0–6.0) and COM peptides/proteins (5.0–6.7). The impact on coagulation of interactions between AOM and other impurities present in raw water are detailed by Pivokonský et al..

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  • Optimization of turbidity removal by coagulation and ...

    2019-1-30 · Cutting industries produce large quantities of wastewaters with the high content of suspended solids and turbidity. The treatments of these wastewaters are important in preventing the environmental pollution. This study aimed to optimize the use of coagulation and flocculation process by the response surface methodology (RSM) method as an effective method for the abatement of …

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  • Advanced redox flow fuel cell using ferric chloride as ...

    2017-7-11 · Liquid catalyzed fuel cell (LCFC) is a kind of redox flow fuel cell directly converting carbohydrates to electricity. To improve its efficiency, ferric chloride (FeCl3) was introduced as main ...

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  • Optimization and economic evaluation of modified ...

    2018-10-17 · Chemicals. Poly-aluminum chloride (Al 2 (OH) n Cl 6−n.YH 2 O, Al 2 O 3 = 30%wt, basicity = 65% and pH = 3) was used as a coagulant and anionic (A 300), cationic (C 270) and nonionic polymers, as the coagulant aids were provided from AquaTech Company, Switzerland.. Preparation of solution. In order to prepare a 10 percent clear solution for coagulant, 10 g of PAC was dissolved to 100 mL of ...

    Get Price
  • Ferric Chloride Market | 2020-2027 | Industry Report ...

    The ferric chloride market is expected to register a CAGR of more than 5% during the forecast period. Ferric chloride solution appears as a light brown aqueous solution, that has a faint hydrochloric acid odor. Some of the prominent trends that the market is increasing is the rising stringent norms for the treatment of sewage water and ...

    Get Price
  • Study on the effect of chitosan conditioning on sludge ...

    2019-2-1 · Activated sludge process is one of the main widely used methods in domestic sewage and industrial waste water treatment currently. A large amount of residual sludge is produced during domestic sewage treatment with the activated sludge process (Tang & Zhang 2014).The residual sludge contains a lot of nutrients, such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and organic matter, and at the same time contains a ...

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  • Significantly high electromagnetic shielding

    2020-6-27 · Pyrrole to ferric chloride hexahydrate ratio (monomer to oxidant ratio) was kept at 2.33. In this procedure, 4.649 g, that is, 0.016 M, ferric chloride hexahydrate was dissolved in 100 ml double distilled water and 0.0072 mol (0.50 ml) of pyrrole was added in the degassed oxidant solution.

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  • On the importance of pH value in coagulation |

    2019-4-5 · However, in this case, the optimal pH for a mixture of HS + COM (pH 5.0–6.2) related to optimal pH ranges for the coagulation of HS (5.0–6.0) and COM peptides/proteins (5.0–6.7). The impact on coagulation of interactions between AOM and other impurities present in raw water are detailed by Pivokonský et al..

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  • Preparation of ZnSO 4 ·7H 2 O using filter cake

    2017-11-24 · Under the conditions of the optimal parameters, the content of ZnSO 4 ∙7H 2 O in the product obtained by chemical analysis was 98.6%, and the …

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  • Ferric sulfate | Fe2(SO4)3 - PubChem

    2019-5-1 · In the year (2012), H.Farajnezhad et al studied coagulation treatment of wastewater in petroleum industry using poly aluminum chloride and ferric chloride. The outline for the study include removal of color, COD and TSS from petroleum wastewater. It was found that poly aluminum chloride gives better result as compare to ferric chloride.

    Get Price
  • Some Studies on the Treatment of Industrial Waste

    2015-2-6 · Thus, the present study focused on the potential of gums extracted from CF and PAC to reduce the color of reactive black 5 (RB5) and reactive blue 19 (RB19), together with the determination of the optimal factors, such as pH, agi-tation speed, initial dye concentration (IDC), coagulants dosage ( gum and CF PAC) and reaction time.

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  • The feasibility of Cassia fistula gum with polyaluminum ...

    2019-6-1 · At optimal operating conditions of Fe:P (w/w) ratio = 2.40, pH = 6.48 and FMS = 100 rev min − 1, 97.85% removal of phosphorus was achieved. Moreover, compared with the one-off dosage, the three-step process treatment can save 50% of the cost in terms of ferric chloride when treating the same amount of distillery effluent.

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  • ISSN: 0975-766X CODEN: IJPTFI Available Online through ...

    2016-7-24 · The results showed that after using the poly aluminum chloride, ferrous sulfate, ferric chloride and aluminum sulfate coagulants, in the turbidity of 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 NTU, the pH level have reduced in a way that by increasing each mg/l poly aluminum chloride, ferrous sulfate, ferric chloride about 0.01 unit pH have reduced.

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  • Studying the Characteristics of Polypyrrole and its

    2019-8-2 · for 5 hours. The optimal conditions for PPy and its composites preparation are summarized in Table 1. In a typical experiment 1 mL of pyrrole monomer was added to stirred aqueous or non-aqueous solutions 100 mL containing 4.8 g of ferric chloride and 0.6 …

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  • Some Studies on the Treatment of Industrial Waste

    2019-5-1 · In the year (2012), H.Farajnezhad et al studied coagulation treatment of wastewater in petroleum industry using poly aluminum chloride and ferric chloride. The outline for the study include removal of color, COD and TSS from petroleum wastewater. It was found that poly aluminum chloride gives better result as compare to ferric chloride.

    Get Price
  • (PDF) Pretreatment for seawater desalination by ...

    Pretreatment for seawater desalination by flocculation: performance of modified poly ferric silicate (PFSi-δ) and ferric chloride Sanghyun Jeong, Firoozeh Nateghi, Tien Vinh Nguyen, Saravanamuthu Vigneswaran*, Tuan Anh Tu * Corresponding author: Tel. +61-2- 9514-2641; Fax. +61-2- 9514-2633; email address: [email protected] Faculty of Engineering and IT, University of Technology, …

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  • Arsenic removal by coagulation using ferric chloride

    Aims: In this study, the effect of arsenite and arsenate removal in synthetic water by coagulation using ferric chloride (FeCl 3) as coagulant and chitosan as coagulant aid were investigated. b>Materials and Methods: A conventional jar test apparatus was used to evaluate the coagulation process. The effects of different conditions of pH (5.5-9), coagulant doses of FeCl 3 0-60 mg/l), Arsenic ...

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  • Study on the effect of chitosan conditioning on sludge ...

    2019-2-1 · Activated sludge process is one of the main widely used methods in domestic sewage and industrial waste water treatment currently. A large amount of residual sludge is produced during domestic sewage treatment with the activated sludge process (Tang & Zhang 2014).The residual sludge contains a lot of nutrients, such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and organic matter, and at the same time contains a ...

    Get Price
  • Buy Journal of Polymer Materials : An International ...

    2021-4-5 · Figure 6 shows the XPS spectra of FeS 2 /TiO 2 nanocomposite film prepared under hydrothermal reaction time of 12 h, ferric chloride concentration of 0.15 mmol/L and reaction temperature of …

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  • Preparation of FeS 2 /TiO 2 nanocomposite films and

    ----- COST OF WASTEWATER TREATMENT PROCESSES by DORR-OLIVER, INCORPORATED David DiGregorio, Project Engineer The Advanced Waste Treatment Research Laboratory Robert A. Taft Water Research Center This report is submitted in fulfillment of Contract No. 14-12-60 between the Federal Water Pollution Control Administration and Dorr- Oliver, Incorporated.

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  • Cost Of Wastewater Treatment Processes - EPA

    2017-11-24 · Under the conditions of the optimal parameters, the content of ZnSO 4 ∙7H 2 O in the product obtained by chemical analysis was 98.6%, and the …

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  • Preparation of poly ferric sulfate and the application

    2013-9-26 · Poly ferric sulfate (PFS) is a kind of polymeric coagulants widely used in China in the past 20 years and reveals certain advantages in advanced treatment of wastewater. In this paper, three samples were synthesized by different methods: sodium nitrite catalytic oxidation method (PFS-1), one-step method (PFS-2) and nitric acid oxidation method (PFS-3).

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  • Ferric sulfate | Fe2(SO4)3 - PubChem

    2021-5-12 · With the slowdown in world economic growth, the Poly Aluminium Ferric Chloride Materials industry has also suffered a certain impact, but still maintained a relatively optimistic growth, the past four years, Poly Aluminium Ferric Chloride Materials market size to maintain the average annual growth rate of XXX from XXX million in 2014 to XXX million in 2018, analysts believe that in the ...

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  • Global Poly Aluminium Ferric Chloride Materials

    2018-6-28 · The objectives of this study were: (1) to evaluate chitosan flocculation performance in the harvesting of C. vulgaris biomass and determine its optimal dose, (2) to disclose the sedimentation properties of C. vulgaris biomass flocculated by chitosan, (3) to reveal the recyclability of the spent medium from flocculation to regrow microalgae and ...

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  • Optimal Solution of Transportation Problem Using

    2017-7-11 · Liquid catalyzed fuel cell (LCFC) is a kind of redox flow fuel cell directly converting carbohydrates to electricity. To improve its efficiency, ferric chloride (FeCl3) was introduced as main ...

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  • Microalgae Chlorella vulgaris biomass harvesting by ...

    2021-4-5 · Figure 6 shows the XPS spectra of FeS 2 /TiO 2 nanocomposite film prepared under hydrothermal reaction time of 12 h, ferric chloride concentration of 0.15 mmol/L and reaction temperature of …

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  • Advanced redox flow fuel cell using ferric chloride as ...

    2020-7-3 · The prerequisite to synthesize PCE was to prepare new macromonomers with controlled molecular mass, adjustable hydrophilic-lipophilic groups, long-chain alkyl groups, and large terminal hydroxyl groups as well. Structural modifications in the molecular scale of polycarboxylate superplasticizer (PCE) would lead to changes in properties of dispersion and water retention as well …

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  • Preparation of FeS 2 /TiO 2 nanocomposite films and

    2020-3-27 · It has been reported that excessive Fe 2+ ions could compete with organic pollutants for the active sites of sulfate radicals because of their reducibility. 23 When highly water-soluble (26.3 g/100 g H 2 O at 20 °C) ferrous sulfate was added into a PS solution, PS immediately started to release sulfate radicals and the pH decreased. Due to the high oxidation potential of the sulfate radicals ...

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  • Progresses in Synthesis of Polycarboxylate

    2020-11-4 · Magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) were prepared using a simple and low-cost co-precipitation method (Fig. 1a) 27. 6.5 g of Iron (III) chloride hexahydrate and 3.5 g of Iron (II) chloride tetrahydrate ...

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  • Preparation of poly ferric sulfate and the application

    2013-9-26 · Poly ferric sulfate (PFS) is a kind of polymeric coagulants widely used in China in the past 20 years and reveals certain advantages in advanced treatment of wastewater. In this paper, three samples were synthesized by different methods: sodium nitrite catalytic oxidation method (PFS-1), one-step method (PFS-2) and nitric acid oxidation method (PFS-3).

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  • Wastewater Technology Fact Sheet Chemical

    Wastewater Technology Fact Sheet Chemical Precipitation. vvEPA United States Environmental Protection Agency Office of Water Washington, D.C. EPA832-F-00-018 September 2000 Waste water Technology Fact Sheet Chemical Precipitation DESCRIPTION Chemical precipitation is a widely used, proven technology for the removal of metals and other ...

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  • Optimal Solution of Transportation Problem Using

    2018-6-28 · The objectives of this study were: (1) to evaluate chitosan flocculation performance in the harvesting of C. vulgaris biomass and determine its optimal dose, (2) to disclose the sedimentation properties of C. vulgaris biomass flocculated by chitosan, (3) to reveal the recyclability of the spent medium from flocculation to regrow microalgae and ...

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  • Water treatment of a large Swedish lake using poly ...

    In optimal conditions, a linear calibration graph was achieved in the concentration range of 0.2–30 ng·mL −1 with a determination coefficient (R 2) of 0.9953. The detection limit, the enhancement factor, inter- and intra-day relative standard deviations (for six consecutive extractions at the concentration level of 10 ng·mL −1 ) were 0.04 ng·mL −1 , 100, 2.38% and 1.52%, respectively.

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  • Microalgae Chlorella vulgaris biomass harvesting by ...

    2017-7-11 · Liquid catalyzed fuel cell (LCFC) is a kind of redox flow fuel cell directly converting carbohydrates to electricity. To improve its efficiency, ferric chloride (FeCl3) was introduced as main ...

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  • Water Treatment Coagulation | Water Treatment |

    1995-12-1 · The effect of low water temperature on flocculation kinetics was examined using ferric nitrate to coagulate kaolin clay in water under tightly controlled treatment conditions. Both the particle siz...

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  • Advanced redox flow fuel cell using ferric chloride as ...

    Abstract. The present study evaluated the phosphorus removal in a Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR - 2,500L) used to treat the wastewater from an office building in two steps: phase I-Enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) and phase II-co-precipitation using FeCl 3 as precipitant. The raw sewage presented a high organic load variation ranging from 0.11 (phase I) to 0.66 (phase II) kgCOD.m ...

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  • Cabeq 2011-01 verzija 3 - Srce

    ogy, conditions of enzyme reaction, and so on.16,17 In this study, RSM was adopted to optimize the process conditions for maximum production of the iron-polysaccharide complex. The amount (g) of w =20%Na 2 CO 3 aqueous solution (Z 1), the con-centration (w/%) of a FeCl 3 ·6H 2 O aqueous solu-tion (Z 2) and the temperature of the ferric ...

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  • Synthesis of cross-linked poly(acrylic acid) nanogels in ...

    2019-11-6 · 1. Introduction. Micro- and nanogels are cross-linked polymers of micro–nanosize filled with a solvent. They can exist either in the swollen or the shrunken state depending on the environmental conditions [1–4].They exhibit very high surface areas, low viscosities and, compared with regular gels, can be injected into the body.

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  • An in vitro study of bare and poly(ethylene glycol)-co ...

    2009-5-12 · Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), ammonium persulfate and methylene chloride (DCM) were obtained from Merck (Germany). Fumaryl chloride was purified by distillation at 161 °C under ambient pressure. Anhydrous DCM was achieved by distillation under reflux conditions …

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  • Analysis Of Injection Moulding Process Parameters –

    2012-10-29 · Experimental Study. 3.1 Injection Molding Process. Trials are taken on Milacron 110 Injection Molding Machine by injecting Chlorinated Poly Vinyl Chloride (CPVC) material in 3/4th inch Tee mold. The specimen is shown in Figure 1. Larger the better characteristic, (2) Figure 1. 3/4th inch Tee. 3.2. Experimental Design

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  • THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE IN TETRADESMUS

    A study from Lemos et al. (2018) with Acutodesmus obliquus cultures (also known as Tetradesmus obliquus) shows a 96.8% efficiency of biomass recovery in ferric chloride flocculation process against 91.7% with centrifugation. This same work also reveals that a use of ferric chloride as a flocculant agent does not reduce lipid content, as with

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  • Optimizing Strategy for Enhancing the Stability and

    2021-3-12 · Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are a class of promising sorbents for effective sequestration of radioactive 99TcO4– anions. However, their poor stability and slow sorption kinetics in the industrial condition pose a great challenge. Herein, we demonstrate an optimizing strategy via in situ polymerization of ionic liquids (ILs) encapsulated in the pores of MOFs, forming [email protected] ...

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  • Recent developments in conducting polymers:

    2020-10-28 · Background Molasses is a wildly used feedstock for fermentation, but it also poses a severe wastewater-disposal problem worldwide. Recently, the wastewater from yeast molasses fermentation is being processed into fulvic acid (FA) powder as a fertilizer for crops, but it consequently induces a problem of soil acidification after being directly applied into soil. In this study, the low-cost FA ...

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  • Polyvinyl Chloride PVC: Properties, Benefits &

    2021-3-12 · Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are a class of promising sorbents for effective sequestration of radioactive 99TcO4– anions. However, their poor stability and slow sorption kinetics in the industrial condition pose a great challenge. Herein, we demonstrate an optimizing strategy via in situ polymerization of ionic liquids (ILs) encapsulated in the pores of MOFs, forming [email protected] ...

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  • Optimizing Strategy for Enhancing the Stability and

    2016-6-21 · Approximately, 3 g of PLGA-COOH was dissolved in anhydrous methylene chloride, and to this organic solution, 70 mg of N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) and 140 mg of 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide (EDC) was added. The organic mixture was stirred continuously for 12 h at room temperature.

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  • Highly Stable PEGylated Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid ...

    2020-4-3 · By the end of 1980s, for the first time polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) copolymers with incorporated 4-hydroxybutyrate (4HB) units were produced in the bacterium Cupriavidus necator (formally Ralstonia eutropha) from structurally related carbon sources. After that, production of PHA copolymers composed of 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB) and 4HB [P(3HB-co-4HB)] was demonstrated in diverse wild …

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  • Synthesis of High-Molecular-Weight

    2021-3-8 · Carboxylated poly-l-lysine (CPLL), an ampholytic polymer, has remarkable cryoprotective properties.It was hypothesized that CPLL will reduce/replace glycerol in extender and improve the freezability of buffalo semen. The objective was to evaluate various combinations of CPLL and glycerol in extenders for any synergism toward cryosurvivability of Nili-Ravi buffalo sperm.

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  • Frontiers | Poly(4-Hydroxybutyrate): Current State and ...

    The study location is the coastal area and waters of the Karas District, Fakfak Regency, West Papua Province, Indonesia. The purpose of the study is to determine the priority of areas that are sensitive to oil spills. This method was carried out by scoring each unit of …

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  • Effect of Synergism Between Carboxylated Poly-l

    2016-2-27 · Nowadays, bioflocculation is considered as a potential technology that could be able to alleviate microalgae dewatering cost regarded as the cornerstone hindrance of their full-scale application. However, most bioflocculation studies reported are laboratory scales. This study examined a pilot-scale and in situ flocculation of freshwater microalgae Desmodesmus brasiliensis by microbial ...

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  • Articles in Press | Global NEST Journal

    2019-3-20 · The world’s population is aging, which subsequently leads to an increase in age-related diseases and conditions. Two major age-related diseases are colorectal carcinoma (CRC) and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), which account for a large percentage of complications and prolonged length of hospital stay [].CRC is the third most frequent oncologic disease in the world in both men and women …

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  • Harvesting of freshwater microalgae with microbial ...

    2017-6-12 · The discharge of poorly treated effluents into the environment has far reaching, consequential impacts on human and aquatic life forms. Thus, we evaluated the flocculating efficiency of our test bioflocculant and we report for the first time the ability of the biopolymeric flocculant produced by Arthrobacter humicola in the treatment of sewage wastewater.

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  • Characteristics of Polyaluminum Chloride (PAC)

    2010-11-22 · (Poly Aluminum Chloride, PAC) both in shape structural features, flocculation mechanism, or floccula-tion with the performance aspects of the traditional aluminum rally there the distinction between the na-ture and form of proposed. A1. 13. is the best …

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  • Chemical Research in Chinese Universities

    The optimal conditions of the CL reaction were sulfuric acid 1.0×10-3 mol/L, Ru[(bpy) 3] 2+ 7.5×10-5 mol/L, Cu(III)/Ag(III) complexes 4.0×10-4 /5.0×10-4 mol/L, sample loop volume of 120 μL and flow rate of …

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  • RI 9351 REPORT OF INVESTIGATIONS/1991

    GRINDING AND FERRIC SULFATE LEACHING OF CHALCOPYRITE By D. A. Rice,1 J. R. Cobble,2 and D. R. Brooks3 ABSTRACT As part of its mission, the U.S. Bureau of Mines continues to develop technologies that will enable cost-effective compliance with environmental requirements. To this end, investigations to improve the

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  • A critical study on efficiency of different materials for ...

    2013-3-13 · Fluoride is a persistent and non-biodegradable pollutant that accumulates in soil, plants, wildlife and in human beings. Therefore, knowledge of its removal, using best technique with optimum efficiency is needed. The present survey highlights on efficacy of different materials for the removal of fluoride from water. The most important results of extensive studies on various key factors (pH ...

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  • Hand sanitisers amid CoViD-19: A critical review of ...

    2020-6-30 · 2. Alcohol-based hand sanitisers as a first-line measure for infection prevention. The general hand hygiene is deemed the cornerstone of infection prevention (Mehtar et al., 2018), and is essential to minimise the colonisation and the transmission of infection across public and health-care workers.Hand hygiene includes: 1) handwashing, i.e. using simple soap and water; 2) antiseptic ...

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  • Removal of selenium from refinery wastewater - Nalco

    The ferric salt may be selected from the group consisting of ferric sulfate, ferric chloride, ferrous sulfate, ferrous chloride, and any combination thereof. The ferric salt may be added in an amount of between 1-300 ppm. The dithiocarbamate material may be between 50% to 300% of the amount (in ppm) of ferric salt added to the liquid.

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  • Ensuring sustainability in plastics use in Africa ...

    2019-9-28 · A previous study estimated the total mismanaged plastic waste in the continent of Africa in 2010 alone at 4.4 Mt . The forecast in this study for the most importing countries in Africa is that the imports would have doubled by 2030. Based on this, the next decade (2020–2030) would witness about 164.7 Mt of plastics reaching their EoL in Africa.

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  • Ferinject (ferric carboxymaltose) - Summary of

    2020-11-4 · Study CONFIRM-HF was a double-blind, randomised, 2-arm study comparing Ferinject (n=150) vs. placebo (n=151) in subjects with chronic heart failure and ID for a treatment period of 52 weeks. At Day 1 and Week 6 (correction phase), subjects received either Ferinject according to a simplified dosing grid using baseline Hb and body weight at ...

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  • Density functional theory study of Li, Na, and Mg ...

    2016-6-9 · To extend the application range of these materials to ions beyond lithium-ions, we used van der Waals corrected density functional theory simulations to study the intercalation and diffusion of lithium (Li), sodium (Na), and magnesium (Mg) in the 2H structure of MoS 2 as a function of interlayer spacing. All three species exhibit an optimal ...

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  • Online evaluation of the metabolic activity of Ustilago ...

    2018-12-18 · Online monitoring of U. maydis growth on galacturonic acid. As first step, the growth of the protease deficient strain U. maydis AB33P5ΔR on galacturonic acid was characterized by online monitoring of the metabolic activity. AB33 is known to grow in a stable unicellular state making it applicable up to fermenter scale [].Furthermore, the strain produces less lipids compared to other U. …

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